Projects and Theses

 

Interested students have the opportunity to have a planned project or final thesis supervised by the professorship Intelligent Technical Design in German or English.

You are always welcome to present your project idea. If you have not found a topic yet, we will help to assist you in finding a topic. On this page you can already find suggestions from the project "Digital ITD Twin" or research our teaching and research content.

Topics of the chair

Bachelor's theses, Master's theses or project work that falls into the areas listed below can be supervised by our chair. The exact content of each thesis is defined with regard to the academic assessment. Details on individual topic suggestions can be found on the Moodle. The password for registration is ITD-2017.

https://moodle.uni-weimar.de/course/view.php?id=21164

  • Building Information Modeling
    • Structuring of building data
    • Project management
    • Workflow development
    • Model-checking
  • Bridge inspection and assessment
    • Modeling damage data
    • Damage visualization
    • Data driven assessment
  • Academic engineer education
    • Virtual learning environments
    • Application of learning theory concepts in connection with AR/VR
    • Development of learning scenarios
  • Digital Twin
    • Digitaler twins of buildings
    • Visualization of building information
    • Smart Home
  • Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality
    • Visualization of information
    • Application in teaching
    • AR/VR supported processes

Completed theses

Generatives Design - Multikriterielle Optimierung von Skeletttragwerken auf Basis evolutionärer Algorithmen

Martin Reisener, 2020

Das interdisziplinäre Zusammenspiel von Planungsbeteiligten, ausführenden Gewerken und Entscheidungsträgern ist für den Erfolg einer Baumaßnahme entscheidend. In konventionellen Planungsprozessen ist die Erstellung, Anpassung und Leistungsfähigkeitsuntersuchung einer einzigen Entwurfsvariante mit einem erheblichen Arbeitsaufwand verbunden. Vor dem Hintergrund der Tragweite von Entscheidungen in frühen Projektphasen mangelt es häufig an alternativen Entwurfsvarianten, Flexibilität sowie objektiven Entscheidungsparametern.

Generatives Design (GD) ist der Prozess, in dem Ziele und Einschränkungen definiert werden, um mit Hilfe von automatischen Berechnungen eine Reihe von Lösungsvarianten zu untersuchen, die den gewünschten Anforderungen entsprechen.

In Bezug zu Building Information Modeling (BIM) und der Digitalisierung der Baubranche im Allgemeinen dienen Generative Prozesse der Beschleunigung früher Entwurfsphasen und erhöhen die Anpassungsflexibilität durch parametrisches Modellieren.

Gegenstand der zugrundeliegenden Arbeit ist es, in Grasshopper ein Skript zu entwickeln, das unter Verwendung von Einschränkungen wie Gebäudespezifika, Lastannahmen und Vorbemessung eine Vielzahlan Lösungsvarianten für ein Tragwerk in Skelettbauweise generiert und anhand gegebener Zieldefinitionen analysiert. Die Ziele können beispielsweise ein minimaler Verbrauch an Ressourcen, eine minimale Anzahl an Tragwerkselementen oder minimale Kosten sein. Die Ergebnisse sollen für eine multikriterielle Entscheidungsanalyse herangezogen und CAD-Modelle entsprechend der BIM-Methodik ausgetauscht werden.

Die Machbarkeit sowie praktische Anwendungsmöglichkeiten generativer Designprozesse in der Baubranchesollen in der vorliegenden Arbeit nachgewiesen werden.

Linking parametric design and structural analysis for the optimization of bridge cross sections

Juan Gonzales Cavero, Master Thesis, 2020

In the early steps of the current digital era, software solutions, which are continuously being created and developed, make new strategies possible to significantly affect the efficiency of almost any process. Building Information Modeling (BIM) represents this philosophy for the construction industry. Despite BIM has yield to huge developments regarding vertical building structures for the last decade, the growth for the civil infrastructure domain has been rather scarce. In this thesis the link of parametric design and structural analysis regarding bridges is investigated and different potential workflows are evaluated. In consequence, a bidirectional framework to exchange models between BIM modelers and a structural analysis application is presented. Furthermore, taking advantage of the flexibility parametric design provides an optimizer tool for for bridge cross sections based on genetic algorithms. In order to present the workflow, a real-word railway bridge is used as an example.

Mixed Reality Interface Prototype for Smart Home Systems

Liselot Ramirez, Master Thesis, 2020

 

Smart Homes are living spaces equipped with lighting, heating, and electronic devicesthat can be remotely controlled by digital devices. The Chair of Intelligent TechnicalDesign in the Faculty of Civil Engineering has a model project installed in their offic Thisdocument reviews the convergence of MR technologies in Building Information Modeling(BIM), and how users benefi from the usability experience during the constructionprocess. Thereafter, usability guidelines for interface design are followed to create adesign concept for an interface in Mixed Reality (MR) to interact with the aforementionedSmart Home system. The challenge relies on four user cases: Visualizing Consumption,Comparing Rooms, Automation of Tasks, and Maintenance and Repair. The designproposal is based on the Atomic Design Methodology, in which the components wererendered and exported to a Microsoft HoloLens. The design process for MR is morechallenging to implement in the HoloLens than in a mobile application, nevertheless, theresult is a design system suited for immersive and mobile applications.

 

Supervisors: Prof. Dr.-Ing. Eva Hornecker and Prof. Dr.-Ing. Christian Koch

On systematic approaches for interpreted information transfer of inspection data from bridge models to structural analysis

Jan Fröhlich, Master Thesis, 2020

In conjunction with the improved methods of monitoring damage and degradation processes, the interestin reliability assessment of reinforced concrete bridges is increasing in recent years. Automated imagebasedinspections of the structural surface provide valuable data to extract quantitative information aboutdeteriorations, such as crack patterns. However, the knowledge gain results from processing thisinformation in a structural context, i.e. relating the damage artifacts to building components. This way,transformation to structural analysis is enabled. This approach sets two further requirements: availabilityof structural bridge information and a standardized storage for interoperability with subsequent analysistools. Since the involved large datasets are only efficiently processed in an automated manner, theimplementation of the complete workflow from damage and building data to structural analysis istargeted in this work. First, domain concepts are derived from the back-end tasks: structural analysis,damage modeling, and life-cycle assessment. The common interoperability format, the IndustryFoundation Class (IFC), and processes in these domains are further assessed. The need for usercontrolledinterpretation steps is identified and the developed prototype thus allows interaction atsubsequent model stages. The latter has the advantage that interpretation steps can be individuallyseparated into either a structural analysis or a damage information model or a combination of both. Thisapproach to damage information processing from the perspective of structural analysis is then validatedin different case studies.

Supervisors: Prof. Dr.-Ing. Guido Morgenthal and Prof. Dr.-Ing. Christian Koch

BIM-based Framework for Bridge Design and Analysis

Uma Shankar Bharathala, Master Thesis, 2019

Enormous engineering work is required to design and construct bridges. Hence, several engineering companies are included in the bridge design workflow from conceptual design to the construction phase. However, many engineering companies are still using traditional design methods to design bridge structures. The initial design phase is crucial in the bridge design phase to avoid problems during the later construction phase. To deliver the project within the required time and budget, massive coordination among the involved teams is necessary. Traditional workflows lack adequate interfaces for such coordination tasks. Building Information Modeling (BIM) is a possible solution to overcome this issue. This study aims to apply a BIM-based framework to design a bridge from the conceptual design phase up to construction plans. The focus is mainly on the bridge design workflow, and on how the traditional methods and BIM methods perform in the stages of conceptual design, preliminary design and main design.

Supervisors: Prof. Dr.-Ing. Christian Koch,  Univ.-Prof. Dr. Dipl.-Ing. Guido Morgenthal

Virtual Reality Interfaces for 3D Modeling

Anil Chandra Kavi, Master Thesis, 2019

This project focuses on the interfaces for modeling of a classroom in a virtual environment. The Interfaces refers to different mediums through which interactions are possible. Three main interfaces available in the virtual environment are 2D menu, speech recognition, and gesture recognition. In a speech recognition based interface, Microsoft speech application is used, and in gesture recognition based interface, convolutional neural network (CNN) based recognition from 2D drawing to 3D objects. These three interfaces are compared individually and also verified after the integration of three interfaces.

Supervisors: Prof. Dr.-Ing. Christian Koch, M.Sc. Mathias Artus

Technologien der automatisierten Erzeugung und Verarbeitung von Punktwolken zu as-built-Bauwerksinformationsmodellen im Hochbau

Martin Lindner, Bachelor Thesis, 2019

Im Zuge der Weiterentwicklung der BIM-Methode und einer steigenden Anzahl von Anwendungsfällen, deren Fokus auf der Betriebsphase eines Gebäudes liegt, ist die Modellierung des Gebäudebestands von immer größerer Bedeutung. Der erstrebenswerte Workflow besteht dabei in einem weitestgehend automatischen digitalen Aufmaß und anschließender softwaregestützter Verarbeitung der Daten zu einem "intelligenten" Bauwerksmodell.

Prüfer: Prof. Dr.-Ing. Christian Koch, M.Sc. Judith Krischler

BIM-basierte Energiebedarfsberechnung von Gebäuden

Wei Zhao, Bachelor Thesis, 2019

In der Thesis wird eine Energieanalyse auf Basis eines gegebenen BIM-Modells mittels Autodesk Insight erstellt, mit der Prämisse einen möglichst ressourcenschonenden und -effizienten Einsatz von Energie während der Betriebsphase eines Gebäudes unter Berücksichtigung des Komforts zu erreichen.



Prüfer: Prof. Dr.-Ing. Christian Koch, M.Sc. Thomas Behnke

Evaluation of Sensor-Based Registration Accuracy using Head Mounted Augmented Reality Devices

Felix Kremp, Master Thesis, 2019

This thesis will propose different use cases for registration of virtual content in real space. The implemented use cases split up in a 2Dmarker, a user placed and a 3D marker based on a BIM model approach. Furthermore, an evaluation of registration accuracy within the context of head mounted augmented reality is realized.


Supervisors: Prof. Dr.-Ing. Christian Koch, M.Sc. Mathias Artus

Utilizing BIM-Based Model Checking (BMC) in the early stages of design to examine the vulnerability of masonry structures to earthquakes

Mohamed Matook, Master Thesis, 2019

The aim of this thesis is to check the possibility of utilizing the concept of BIM-based model checking (BMC) to automatically check the compliance of masonry structures with the design standards. The rules, implemented using Revit and Dynamo, concerning masonry structures from EN 1996-1-1 and EN 1998-1 are assessed and analyzed. 

Supervisors: Prof. Dr.-Ing. Christian Koch, Dr.-Ing. Lars Abrahamczyk

BIM-based Facility Management using COBie

Based on the theory of facilities management and BIM technology, this article first analyzes the research status of building facilities management and BIM thorough literature research method. Then sets forth the disadvantages of traditional facility management workflow and what BIM brings to facility management as well as BIM-COBie based facility management software. At last this article evaluates three pieces of facility software through comparative study method and makes a relevant case study to prove the feasibility and superiority of BIM-COBie based facility management, meanwhile provides references for the use of BIM-COBie according to this.

Yuzhe Wu, Master Thesis, 2019

Supervisors: Prof. Dr.-Ing. Christian Koch, M.Sc. Thomas Behnke

Digitaler ITD Zwilling - Design und Implementierung eines Webinterface für nutzerorientierte Datenvisualisierung und Interraktion mit Smart-Home-Systemen

Xi Chen, Master Thesis, 2019

Diese Masterarbeit behandelt die Interaktion von Internet of Things (IoT), Digital Twin und Smart Home über eine responsive Weboberfläche für einen Heimautomatisierungsserver (FHEM), die sich intuitiv bedienen lässt und auch für Endanwender ohne technischem Verständnis optimiert ist. 

Prüfer: Prof. Dr.-Ing. Christian Koch, M.Sc. Mathias Artus

Entwicklung von Prüfstrukturen zur Qualitäts- und Planungskontrolle von Bauwerksinformationsmodellen

Das Ziel der Arbeit bestand darin, Baubeschreibungen zu analysieren und Konzepte zu erarbeiten, die eine Überprüfung des digitalen Modells bezüglich der Baubeschreibung und der darin festgelegten Qualitäten ermöglichen.

Sebastian Seiß, Master Thesis, 2018

Prüfer: Prof. Dr.-Ing. Hans-Joachim Bargstädt M.Sc.; Prof. Dr.-Ing. Christian Koch; M.Sc. Judith Ponnewitz

Spezifizierung einer Datenschnittstelle zur Integration von digitalen Oberleitungsplanungen in Building Information Modeling

Das vordergründige Ziel der vorliegenden Arbeit bestand darin, Untersuchungen zu Datenübergabeszenarien zwischen Planungssoftware für Oberleitungsanlagen und anderen im BIM-Prozess verwendeten Programmen anzustellen und die Datenschnittstelle mit der besten Eignung anschließend zu spezifizieren.

Justus Boeck, Master Thesis, 2018

Prüfer: Prof. Dr.-Ing. Arnd Stephan (TU Dresden); Dipl.-Ing. Fritjof Aufschläger (TU Dresden); Prof. Dr.-Ing. Christian Koch (Bauhaus-Universität Weimar); Dipl.-Ing. Matthias Krippner (DB Engineering & Consulting GmbH, Leipzig)  

Design and Implementation of Structural Dynamics Problems in a Serious Gaming Environment

Tarek Ahmed Mohamed, Master Thesis, 2018

The aim of this project was to develop a serious game to teach engineering students some structural dynamics problems which they can use to interact and get more involved with the theory behind these problems. The chosen problems were calculating the natural frequency and the mode shapes of a single span beam for different cases, and the Dynamic Amplification Factor (DAF). 

Supervisors: Prof. Dr.-Ing. Christian Koch, Dr.-Ing. Volkmar Zabel