Urban infrastructure development in economically underdeveloped countries

Foto von Deponiesickerwasser in Bangladesch

Course Aim

The course increases the knowledge and understanding for differing cultural and economic circumstances or boundary conditions when planning new infrastructure solutions in an international context. Students will learn how to identify structural problems and adapt technical solutions to local settings. Special attention is directed on the ability to balance the economic feasibility versus the ecological necessity of a project when developing new infrastructural solutions.

General Information

  • Course responsability: Prof. Dr.-Ing. Eckhard Kraft
  • Held together with Prof. Dr.-Ing. Jörg Londong (Chair of waste water management)
  • Compulsory course: 6 ECTS mit 4 SWS
  • The course is held in each summer semester
  • Examination: written exam for 60 minutes in english (Prof. Dr.-Ing. Eckhard Kraft) (50%) / oral exam and presentation in engl. (Prof. Dr.-Ing. Jörg Londong) (50%)

Course Content

The course provides insight into environmental, economic as well as socio-cultural conditions and prerequisites in non-industrialized societies. Suitable technical solutions specifically developed for local requirements are being presented and investigated. Special focus is laid on:

  • Planning processes,
  • Waste amounts and composition,
  • Waste management organization,
  • Refinancing models,
  • Socio-economic setting,
  • Working in developing countries,
  • Technical solutions for the collection, transport and treatment of waste streams,
  • Innovative and/or low cost sanitation systems,
  • Treatment and reuse of black, brown, yellow, grey and rainwater.


  • Kraft, E. (2006): Policy and strategy, climate change, pollution and developing countries. In: Proceedings of the International Conference ORBIT 2006, Weimar, ORBIT Verlag, Weimar.
  • Neuartige Sanitärsysteme, Herausgeber: Londong, J.; Verlag der Bauhaus-Universität Weimar, 292 Seiten, 1. Auflage Februar 2009