Playground - Theaterplatz.jpeg

"Playgrounds for small children under the age of six should be placed in the vicinity of the flat dwellings.” (This provision applies to all tenement houses containing 8 families and more.)

——Danmark, 1939

Key Characteristic:

Everywhere, Natural Idea, Exploration.



Playground for children is common in Europe as necessity party in "people-friendly urban environment", for example in Berlin. Also there are websites collecting the distribution of playground in Berlin and providing brief information for selection.// Berlin Playground Distribution.png Berlin Playground Information.png

However the situation is total different to Chinese children. When I was a kid, there was still farm around where children can have fun. Now there are full of houses and from my perspective, there is no place to children. Comparing the maps between Berlin and my hometown(Kandun, Cixi, Zhejiang Province, China), what a pity! As a rough conclusion, there are main 4 "playgrounds" for children in China are 1.Adult Exercise Equipments in Public, 2.Big Theme Park for Children, 3.Temporary Inflatable Castle in Public, 4.Commercial Play Space in the Mall.

Kandun Cixi Zhejiang.jpeg No playground in Kandun.jpeg

Natural Idea

“Because it’s difficult to find non-commercial playground information. And I find that frustrating. Because a playground doesn’t have to cost a million bucks and come in a box. In fact, it’s better if it doesn’t.” ——Paige Johnson, 2008 游乐场的起源与现代化发展的起点(荷兰) Aldo van Eyck Friedrich Froebel 1782-1852 (gifts to children)——kindergarten


“Standardisation is dangerous because play becomes simplified and the child does not have to worry about his movements.” ——Helle Nebelong “Interplay between the object and the child makes his total world — play. He exploits the vitality of his environment and draws upon his imagination to create his world.” ——M. Paul Friedberg, 1970 Arquitectura Expandida (AXP) is a design collective based in Bogota, Colombia – a citizen-led laboratory that builds structures -physical, social and cultural- that invite communities to self-organise and take responsibility towards their own territory.

Floating university-Saturday for children


Play with billboard.jpg

The playground is not only for children, it is the meeting and relaxing point to everyone.


"Communicating" with neighbourhood(children).

Creating a play "area".


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