Thalles Vichiato Breda is a PhD candidate at the Department of Postgraduate in Sociology at UFSCar (Federal University of São Carlos) and a PhD candidate at the Institute for European Urban Studies (IfEU) at the Bauhaus-Universität Weimar (Germany), has a CAPES (Coordination of Superior Level Staff Improvement - Brazil) scholarship, is a researcher of the Network Sagemm: Social Activities, Gender, Markets and Mobilities from below (Latin America) and Assistant Editor of Contemporânea - Journal of Sociology at UFSCar. He was Visiting Researcher at the Technical University of Berlin (2019), Assistant Researcher at IRD (Institut de recherche pour le développement - France) in 2020 and 2021 and Editor-in-Chief of Áskesis - Journal of the students of the Postgraduate Program in Sociology at UFSCar, from 2019 to 2021. He holds a Master's degree in Sociology from the Department of Postgraduate in Sociology, UFSCar (2018), a Bachelor's degree in Social Sciences (UFSCar - 2014), with emphasis in Sociology and Political Science and a Licentiate’s degree in Social Sciences (UNESP - 2021). Has experience in Sociology, working mainly on the following topics: Urban Sociology, Production of Urban Space, Social Management, Social Housing and Social Policies.
The dismantling of social housing in Brazil and "new" strategies to access housing: from Lulism to Bolsonarism
The Minha Casa Minha Vida program was created in 2009 by then President Lula. Focused on the production of Social Housing (for the low-income population) and Market Housing (for the middle class), it had an expressive performance, contracting about 5.5 million housing units. Being the only federal program and present in the most diverse Brazilian cities, it has become a model of urban development. After the coup d'état in 2016, with the ousting of President Dilma Rousseff, the Minha Casa Minha Vida program was drastically reduced until its extinction in 2020, under the Bolsonaro government. On the other hand, in the last 5 years, some laws and regulations on social housing and urbanization have been created, reshaping access to land and social housing. The hypothesis of this research indicates that these frameworks have updated the forms of production of the territories of poverty, the dispute for urban space, the forms of production of housing demand, and the relationship with the State and different agents in the access to social housing. From the ethnographic analysis of 3 land occupations (2014, 2016, 2020) struggling for home ownership in São Carlos (São Paulo), this research aims to understand: (a) the institutional changes related to social housing and access to urban land in Brazil over the last decade at the national level - with the creation of the Minha Casa Minha Vida program in 2009 as a landmark, and the creation of new laws and regulations carried out in the Temer (2016 - 2018) and Jair Bolsonaro (2019-) governments; (b) the forms of popular organization and production of collective demand in the search for social/popular housing, having as empirical input 3 occupations for housing in the city of São Carlos, since 2014; (c) which agents and scales are involved in these popular organizations and what are their relations with the State and civil society. The methodology of this project is based on literature review, analysis of legal documents, ethnographic incursions and the collation of ethnographic data with institutional displacements to understand the changes in the forms of access to social housing from "top-down" and "bottom-up".
GEORGES, I. P. H.; RIZEK, C. S.; BREDA, T. V. (orgs.). (2022) Produção e Reprodução das Formas de Sociabilidade: Dimensões Territoriais e Multi-Escalares [Production and Reproduction of Forms of Sociability: Territorial and Multi-Scale Dimensions]. São Paulo: Alameda (in press).
PINHO, I. V.; BREDA, T. V.; MALLAK, F. K. (2022). “Ganhar” e “Perder” a casa: (i)mobilidades de mulheres nas periferias de São Paulo [“Winning” and “Losing” Home: the (im)mobilities of women in the outskirts of São Paulo]. Contemporânea - Journal of Sociology at UFSCar. (Accepted for publication).
BREDA, T. V. (2022) Produzindo estatísticas, produzindo cidades: uma análise dos indicadores de déficit e demanda habitacional do Programa Minha Casa Minha Vida [Producing statistics, producing cities: an analysis of housing deficit and housing demand indicators in the Minha Casa Minha Vida Program]. Estudos de Sociologia, Revista do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Sociologia da UFPE (Accepted for publication).
BREDA, T. V.; SABADIN, A. C. (2021) Na tessitura da experiência: breves notas sobre o fazer editorial na Revista Áskesis. Ensaios. (Accepted for publication).
BREDA, T. V. (2020) Narrativas urbanas: acesso à moradia, organização familiar e a (re)produção do espaço urbano [Urban Narratives: Access to housing, family organization and the (re)production of urban space]. Iluminuras Journal, v.21, p.159 – 188.
BREDA, T. V. (2018) A produção dos indicadores sociais no contexto neoliberal: O caso do Programa Minha Casa Minha Vida [The production of social indicators in the neoliberal context: The case of the My Home My Life Program]. ÁSKESIS., v.7, p.117 – 131.
BREDA, T. V. (2018) Sociabilidades em negociação: sobre raça, gênero e masculinidades na periferia urbana de São Carlos/ SP [Sociabilities in negotiation: about race, gender and masculinities in the urban periphery of São Carlos/SP]. ÁSKESIS., v.7, p.105 - 116.
SILVA, S. R. M.; BREDA, T. V.; SIQUEIRA, B. V.; SILVA, R. S. (2015) Mutações nas dinâmicas socioespaciais das periferias urbanas: reflexos na diversidade urbana e na composição social [Mutations in the socio-spatial dynamics of urban peripheries: reflections on urban diversity and social composition]. AR: Cadernos da Faculdade De Arquitectura da Universidade Técnica de Lisboa, v.8, p.16 - 23.
BREDA, T. V.; GOBBI, L. A. (2015) Modificação de práticas sociais analisado pelo viés institucional: lei de Cotas e a participação da mulher na política brasileira. Revista Florestan, v.4, p.201 – 208.
Published book chapters
BREDA, T. V. (2022) The kaleidoscope of Brazilian social housing policy: a study case of the Minha Casa Minha Vida Program. In: The Social Dimension of Social Housing. Simon Güntner, Judith Lehner, Juma Hauser and Christoph Reinprecht (Orgs.). 1 ed. Vienna: Spector Books (in press).
BREDA, T. V. (2022). A economia política da terra: as elites e a produção das periferias pobres [The political economy of land: upper classes and the production of poor peripheries] In: Produção e Reprodução das Formas de Sociabilidade: Dimensões Territoriais e Multi-Escalares.1 ed. São Paulo: Editora Alameda (in press).
BREDA, Thiara Vichiato; BREDA, T. V. (2021) Saberes cartográficos nos currículos escolares: um mapeamento do PCN ao BNCC. In: Geografia e Currículo: tensões, reflexões e práticas. GUIMARÃES, Ferreira et al. (Orgs.). EDUFBA: Salvador.
BREDA, Thiara Vichiato; BREDA, T.V. (2021) Da política pluralista para a cartografia pluralista: contribuições da Teoria do Discurso [From pluralist politics to pluralist cartography: contributions from Discourse Theory]. In: Rafael Straforini et al. (Org.). Políticas educacionais e ensino de geografia: Sentidos de currículo, práticas e formação docente. 1st ed. Jundiaí: Paco Editorial.
BREDA, T. V. et al. (Orgs.) . (In)cômodos. 1. ed. São Carlos: Áskesis, 2020. v. 9. Special edition.
Brazilian Housing Policy